Cat hairballs can really become a problem for your cat, especially if they occur frequently. What causes hairballs? Cats are very clean animals. They wash themselves constantly, and in the process, they ingest a lot of fur. Eventually, all that hair builds up creating a hairball. Cat hairballs are not only uncomfortable for you cat, but they can also lead to other problems like constipation. There are ways, fortunately, to reduce and even prevent hairball buildup.

So if you already own a cat, or if you just adopted a cat, and need information on cat hairballs, here is some information about the symptoms and prevention of hairballs. You’ll also find information on cat hairball remedies.

Hairball Symptoms

A hairball problem is somewhat easy to spot. Your cat will start hacking and coughing, followed by vomiting. These episodes might occur frequently, especially if you have a long-haired cat.

Even if you don’t see your cat going through what I call a “hairball episode”, you can still see the evidence: a ball of hair on the floor, or the carpet, or wherever your cat chose to spit out the ball. Usually, a hairball is an long mass of hair, similar to a cigar in shape. It is definitely not a pretty sight.

Cat Hairball Prevention and Treatment

The easiest step to help you prevent hairballs is brushing your cat on a regularly basis, preferably every day. Even if brushing does not completely eliminate hairballs, it will reduce the amount ingested, thus reducing the frequency of the problem. Furthermore, brushing your cat will help your cat stay in great condition. And remember that a grooming session is always a great bonding opportunity.

If despite your efforts, your cat continues to have a hairball problem, try a hairball remedy. Consult your vet, and he or she will suggest the best treatment for your cat. Some common hairball remedies include petroleum-based gels, which are given orally. You may also give your cat a fiber-rich diet, or special-formula food designed to prevent hairballs.

Another alternative is to use home treatments, like giving your cat a little bit of butter once or twice a week. Canned pumpkin is another known home remedy used to treat hairballs. You can mix a bit of pumpkin with your cat’s wet food. Again, always consult your vet before using any of these remedies.

Claudia Escobar is an avid cat lover. For more on cat hairballs and cat lovers gifts visit .

Established in 1953 as Peshwe Park by the Pune Municipal Corporation, Rajiv Gandhi Park was initially situated at the base of the Parvati hills. Although back then it was just another zoo of traditional style later on it was built on a new site with more spacious and naturalistic enclosures for animals. It was then that the zoo was renamed as Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park and Wildlife Research Centre. Currently located in Pune, India, the zoo consists of three main parts; the zoo, a snake park and an animal orphanage.

The 130-acre zoo is home to a diverse collection of mammals, reptiles and birds. Among the mammals are elephants, monkeys, black bucks, barking deer, sambars, sloth bears, leopard and a white tiger. Reptiles include Indian crocodiles, vipers, snakes, cobras and Indian rock pythons. A number of amphibians can also be seen in the zoo. About one quarter of the animals at the site are endangered species. The zoo has come a long way since its beginnings when it was home to a few number of animals including monkeys, spotted deer and sambars.

Gracing the zoo is a water body known as the Katraj Lake. The snake park is where you will find snakes, turtles, birds and reptiles. You can view more than 160 snake species here. Various snake awareness programs and festivals are organized by the snake park, to clarify people’s doubts and discourage ill-treatment towards snakes. The zoological park’s library offers information about the various animals living here.

The Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park’s main objective is promoting and conserving the species of the Western Ghat through carrying out captive breeding of this region’s endangered species and educating visitors by means of interpretive exhibits and appropriate signage. Research on the veterinary, biological and the behavioural aspects of wildlife is carried out by the zoo’s research centre.

Hotels in Vijayawada cater to a range of preferences and The Gateway Hotel M G Road Vijayawada is worth considering. Easily one of the finest accommodation options here, this Vijayawada hotel enjoys a scenic location in close proximity to a plethora of regional attractions. It makes an ideal base from which to set off on your many adventures in this part of India.

There are many reports every year all over the United States about birds hitting windows on homes and buildings repeatedly. In fact, in just the United States there are an estimated 900 million birds killed from hitting windows every year. Now that sounds like a lot, but if you think about it, that’s really only an average of about 2-3 birds per house each year, with many people reporting more than 3.

The reasons behind all this window striking is mainly due to the refection birds see when it is brighter outside than inside your house. This makes it very easy for them to see everything that is outside reflected in the glass like a mirror. There are even many instances where the birds see its own reflection and will feel the need to chase that other bird they see (this happens a lot during breading season).

Therefore, this is a topic discussed numerous times every year about the best solutions to get birds to stop doing this.

So, at this point I’m sure some readers have already done some of their own research about different answers to get this stopped. Some for example are:

Sticking decals on the glass
Move bird feeders farther away from the house
Hanging things down in front of their windows
Installing screens
Even replacing windows with a ones that reflect down or bird safe glass

As a result, these techniques can help, but do not always get the job done and can get expensive after trying one thing and then another. Also, I prefer my bird feeders to be somewhat close to my house, so I don’t have to use binoculars every time I want a better look at a bird I see at our feeders. So the easiest, and in my opinion the best solution to this problem is a feeder that mounts directly on the window. And the reason this works so well is because the birds can very clearly see the feeder on the window, and will fly to the feeder to eat then away from the house when finished eating (which the flying away from feeders is the most common window hitting). This is also a cheap way to fixing the problem with window bird feeders only costing $12 to $25 on average, and are great for getting a close view of birds while eating.

I hope this was helpful and that you are able to save more birds from hitting your windows. And for your convenience there is a great new bird supply store online that has amazing organized selections of everything bird watching related with some great deals on window bird feeders as well (please see my resources for more information).

A barking dog is an irritant. While the intent of a barking dog is for safety and security of the home, many dogs will go to the opposite extreme, barking at anything and everything that occurs within the home. Equally irritating are dogs that bark incessantly and threateningly when you are merely passing by their yard. These dogs can frighten children, annoy joggers, and be a burden on an otherwise peaceful household. They can be troublesome for neighbors. So how can we control these barking dogs in a quick and simple way? The answer is the barking dog whistle.

The whistle operates on a similar concept as training whistles used for dogs. It is meant to make a noise at a frequency outside of the range of human hearing, but at a pitch such that dogs are able to hear the sound and respond to it.

Unlike training whistles, this whistle is meant to either frighten a dog or soothe it, so that it ceases to bark. They often do not work universally. Some dogs will only bark that much harder if frightened, or will totally disregard the whistle, depending on their training. If a dog is trained specifically to guard a home or property, and to bark at anyone it does not recognize, then it will usually ignore the whistle altogether. This is because it is attempting to do its job and is conditioned to ignore stimuli that would prevent it from acting in accordance with its training.

The barking dog whistle is intended to silence aggressive dogs. Police officers as well as military operatives that need to operate with the utmost stealth to accomplish their mission sometimes use it. Many criminals and terrorists use guard dogs as an early warning sign of incoming police or military personnel and these animals can compromise an investigation or a mission as well as the lives and overall safety of the men and women that are involved.

Using a whistle to silence the dogs can save lives. If you are using the whistle to train your own dogs not to bark, often you should use an ordinary training whistle. You can then teach the dog to understand that the sound of the whistle means that they are supposed to stop barking. This ensures that you have total control over your dogs barking habits, so that when you need silence, they will be quiet.

They will still be alert to intruders and other anomalies in which their heightened senses need to be alert and their barking could help to save you and your family. There are many more expensive ways of dealing with a barking dog, but they cannot be transported easily, and are usually very expensive. There are still many refinements being made in the area of the barking dog whistle. Animal science is trying to find a universal whistle that will allow anyone being disturbed by the barking of a dog to quiet it without inuring the animal.

Commenting on the introduction of the Santa Cruz Zoo Volunteer project, Willson Marshal, Bolivia Volunteers Administrator says,

This is a very exciting time for us here at Bolivia Volunteers, and in the short time since we introduced the project at the Zoologico Municipal Fauna Sudamericana we have been amazed by the number of inquiries and offers of assistance we have received.

Of course we have offered projects caring for neglected and abandoned domestic animals in several cities across Bolivia for many years, but the prospect of being able to spend time at the Santa Cruz Zoo with our indigenous wildlife puma, llama, carpincho, tapir, pink dolphins, flamingo, condor and many more has really fired the imagination of our volunteers.

And Pascal Deneuve from Creuzier-le-vieux, France – currently at the Zoo on a two month volunteer placement adds.

Ive always been an animal lover, but of course thats really only for dogs and cats back home but here at the Santa Cruz Zoo Ive had real hands-on experience of caring for much larger and exotic animals.

At the moment Im working on upgrading the bird enclosures, doing some building and painting. The next assignment lined up for me look at is planning a diet regime for the big cats. This place is just SO special, nothing like the zoos back home and really does need all the help it can get.

In a recent global survey of several thousand volunteer travelers, over 75% chose South America as their preferred continent and of those, 65% commented that BOLIVIA the poorest South American country would be their first choice destination.

It is 10 years since the International Year of Volunteers in 2001 and through a UN General Assembly Resolution, this anniversary is being marked across the globe, with volunteering organizations world-wide promoting the values of volunteering, recognizing the value of volunteering, building and reinforcing volunteering networks, and helping individuals to realize their potential to make a real difference by sharing their time, skills and experience for the benefit of others.

The declaration of IYV+10, under the banner “Volunteer! Make a Difference”, is an acknowledgement of the important role of the volunteer sector, and aims to –

Build respect, trust, understanding and solidarity through volunteering;

Raise volunteerism on the development agenda;

Build partnerships; and

Define and empower global volunteering.

Situated in Pasar Minggu, Indonesia, Ragunan Zoo is an expansive family attraction, home to more than 270 animal species. Noted for resembling a combination between a park and zoo, it also features over 170 species of flora. Since the majority of the zoo’s animals are of threatened and endangered species, a visit to the attraction is truly worth it.

The animals are kept in a lush tropical setting at this zoo which follows the open zoo concept. Keep an eye out for indigenous animals such as banteng wild ox, anoa, Sumatran tiger, tapir, orang-utan, komodo dragon and birds of vivid colours. Also serving as a recreation park, this place highly contributes to animal conservation with their cultivation program which includes various research and educational activities. Among the animals that have been successfully raised through this are pythons, Sumatran tigers and white tigers as well as birds such as the cassowary, parrot and kakatua. Visitors can experience up close encounters with most of these species. The fauna species to be found here include collections of grass and also plants such as Chinese hibiscus, Pachystachys and Bougainville.

Ragunan Zoo’s terrariums houses both non-poisonous and poisonous snakes including king cobras, albino pythons and Asian reticulated pythons in addition to turtles and other reptiles. You will see gavial and saltwater crocodile at the river valley wetland whilst a separate compound keeps large reptiles like Komodo dragons.

Primates such as orang-utans, chimpanzees and gorillas call the zoo’s Schmutzer Primate Centre home. Being one of the world’s largest, the centre keeps orang-utans in closures which have thick dark glass that lets visitors observe them while being invisible to them.

During your visit, do not miss to stop by the aviary which hosts birds such as Bali starling, crested serpent-eagle, white-bellied sea eagle, Brahminy kite, Javan hawk-eagle, Javan peafowl, Indian peafowl and more.

By choosing a Jakarta hotel such as Millennium Hotel Sirih Jakarta for your accommodation needs, you can enjoy excellent Jakarta hotel deals. Ideally located in the city’s shopping and business district, the hotel ensures easy access to many local attractions and lets you truly discover the enchanting sights and sounds of the Indonesian capital.

A dog clicker is without doubt one of the strategies being used nowadays in coaching canines to do a sure trick or command. Most dog trainers make use of this methodology to teach their pets on how you can do a particular action simply by urgent the clicker and when the motion is done accurately, the canine can be promptly rewarded. For example, you are trying to teach your canine methods to sit. Before anything, it is best to have already got some treats readily available to reward your pet after each click. Try to press the dog clicker a number of instances adopted by a treat till your canine learns to associate rewards with the sound. Afterwards, you can begin coaching him. Make your dog sit down then sound the clicker when he has performed it successfully then give a delicious treat to reinforce the command. Do that repeatedly when mandatory till he has discovered how one can sit correctly. The dog clicker is commonly used instead of words since it is faster in conveying the message you wish to say. As a substitute of claiming “Good Canine!”, just a simple press of the clicker adopted by a yummy treat will definitely be remembered by your pet. There are occasions the place treats are not often given after each click on but majority of canine trainers are inclined to comply with the click and reward system to raised train their pets. Clickers are far more environment friendly than other training methods as a result of it’s accurate. That means, every time a canine does one thing accurately, you can immediately make a clicking sound adopted by some tasty treat. The dog will likely be far more desperate to get those rewards so he will try to do his finest to follow your commands. So if you are planning on training your dogs to observe completely different instructions, look into dog clickers and see how briskly your canines learn. Velva C. Wheaton


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Window bird feeders are no more than an extension of your present window sill or opening. According to these plans all that is necessary is to attach a horizontal member the width of your window and just underneath your sill or opening. The distance just under your window sill should be the very same as the thickness of the tray itself. This will allow the tray piece to set on top of the horizontal piece and be level with the sill or opening. Cut your tray to extend outward ten or twelve inches and run the width of the window. Place, then affix the L-brackets underneath the tray with the longer leg of the L-bracket underneath the tray. Affix the shorter leg of the L-shape to the horizontal board you attached to the outside of the residence just beneath the window . The two L-brackets should be spaced to allow for the greatest support. If your feeder tray is wider than an average window and is very long, you need to have more brackets to support the weight evenly.

For flexibility, you may want to make a three sided cover the very same size as the depth of the tray to shelter the birds and the food. Some birds favor the protection, but other species don’t seem to mind the exposure. The shelter is convenient in the winter though, when snow is likely to cover the birds’ feed. On top of that, the shelter keeps the water out in the spring and summer months which helps keep the food fresh. Remember not to attach your little cover to the tray so you can readily remove it when the tray needs cleaning.

As to the top rated wood to use, redwood cedar is best for durability, but most any wood will do except pressure treated wood. Pressure treated wood has chemicals that can harm the birds. You shouldn’t paint your tray either as the birds may pick up paint flecks as they eat which can also poison them.

What variety bird food you set out is entirely up to you as different types of foods will entice different species of birds. Foods typically present in your house will suffice or you can obtain commercially processed bird feed. Birds’ eating habits range from suet (hard beef fat, especially needed in the winter) to bread crumbs, raisins, fruits, bacon bits, and peanut butter. Surely, all of these things can be found right in your own kitchen and won’t cost anything more.

In closing, remember that some birds will be afraid to come to your window area to eat because they feel exposed out in the open and next to the window itself. You can change that easily enough by choosing a window near foliage or trees. If that is not possible, place some vegetation both inside the window and outside on the feed tray to make the birds feel safe.

When a pet dog or cat’s internal regulatory systems can not keep a regular core temperature level of 101 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit, Heat stroke occurs. When the core temperature rises above 105 degrees, all body systems begin falling short rapidly. This circumstance is truly an emergency and needs a pet owner’s quick intervention to expedite cooling and prevent long-lasting organ damages or death. Heatstroke can take place in all types with brachycephalic (pug-nosed), and long hair breeds being especially prone. Overweight animals are likewise more susceptible to overheating. It is not unusual to see heatstroke patients in the veterinary hospital throughout the spring long before temperature levels shoot up into the 90’s and 100’s. High humidity enables heat to transfer with the skin more quickly. Leaving a pet in an unventilated automobile is a really usual reason for heatstroke. The temperature level inside a shut vehicle will reach 102 degrees in 10 minutes on a beautiful 85 degree day. In 30 mins, the car will reach 120 degrees or even more inside.

An animal suffering from heatstroke may be standing listless or lying on its side unresponsive. If it is possible to take a rectal temperature, it might review 106 or higher. The pet has to be cooled quickly and taken to the veterinarian as quickly as possible. Take off dog collars that might restrict breathing, as this is the primary method through which dogs cool themselves.

Rather, space temperature level water is more efficient. Take a rectal temperature level commonly, and stop cooling when the thermometer reads 103 degrees. Since the body’s controling systems are not operating appropriately, it is really simple to trigger hypothermia (sub normal core temperature) if cooling is continued too long.

Get the animal to the vet! IV fluid treatment and steps to regulate shock ought to be started instantly. Other therapies that might be essential will rely on the providing clinical indications, but might include oxygen therapy to enhance tissue perfusion of vital body organs, prescription antibiotics to avoid sepsis, and electrolyte replacement.

It is always better to avoid heatstroke in the first place. Always offer fresh water and shade, and moving air if possible, to an outdoor animal. Keep in mind that working types and passionate pet dogs will go till they drop. Keep this in mind if jogging with your dog or throwing the Frisbee on a warm humid day. Workout with your animal early in the early morning. Never leave an animal in an unventilated car for any time period. Partly rolling down the windows in a vehicle will not provide sufficient ventilation, so it may be most effectively to leave the animal in the home during warm periods of the year. Because of their intrinsic respiratory troubles, brachycephalic types and overweight animals are particularly prone to the heat. German Shepherds, like any working dog, can be especially susceptible.

Cat urinary tract problems can be a nightmare, both for your cat and your pocketbook. While you want to relieve your cat’s suffering, you want to do so in a way that will end these problems completely. In this article, you’ll learn a simple, 3-step plan for resolving these issues once and for all.

Before we go through the plan, let’s talk about the typical method of dealing with a cat urinary tract issue and how it can be a setup for recurring problems. If you take your cat to the vet and a UTI is diagnosed, the vet will usually prescribe an antibiotic. This may not be the best treatment method for your cat for three important reasons.

First, antibiotics are drugs and some cats simply cannot tolerate them. Instead of making them better, the antibiotics make them much worse. Second, certain bacteria have become resistant to prescription drugs. If the infection doesn’t heal completely, it can come back. Third, antibiotics do not get to the source of the problem. Instead, they suppress the symptoms and give the body some time to heal itself. Since many cats end up with recurring problems, this theory doesn’t always work in practice.

For this reason, more and more pet owners are using natural remedies instead. The benefits of these remedies are many. First and foremost, they restore the pH of the bladder which kills infection completely and also dissolves struvite bladder stones. Second, they have no side effects, so they will make your pet better instead of worse. Third, they will not interact with any other medicine that your pet is taking. Fourth, although they are strong enough to eliminate cat urinary tract problems completely, they are also gentle enough to use daily for prevention for those animals who need extra care due to breed, physical anomalies or age-related decline.

So here’s the 3-step plan:

1) Give your pet a natural remedy. Make sure it has proven herbal ingredients including Uva Ursi, Berberis and Cantharis.

2) Make sure your pet’s water bowl is full of fresh, clean water. Use a tap filter to remove harsh chemicals that are used to treat city water. These chemicals can actually change the bladder pH.

3) Feed your pet healthy, organic food. Stay away from commercial brands that contain cheap fillers, chemicals and meat by products. Again, these cheap ingredients can alter the pH which sets the stage for the formation of bacteria and bladder stones.

So that’s it: a simple, easy, doable way to treat and prevent a cat urinary tract issue. Don’t waste another second: get your beloved feline started on this program today.

Laura Ramirez researches natural solutions which heal disorders and keep pets vibrant and healthy. Find out more about safe, effective ways to maintain your pet’s urinary tract health at